RULES OF CINEMATOGRAPHY
Once these basic shots are taken (two shot, and each over the shoulder shot), you can then focus or various other types of shots that you may use in the editing process. This includes reaction shots where you see the expressions
on a character’s face after being told something and
any other closeups (CU) that may help enhance the
scene. For example, if one of the characters is nervous,
you may want to show a closeup of a twitching hand or
a shaking leg. This type of visual clue tells the viewer
what is going on without having to actually tell them.
It is always important to shoot many different types
of closeups that you can use to edit into your video.
You may not use them all but the point is to have them
shot in case you need them. These shots are often
referred to as “B roll” in the industry. Essentially these
are shots gathered that are not the most important
parts of the scene but may be used to cut away to if necessary. This is often done when an interviewer is
seen nodding their head or looking interested in what someone is saying. Most likely that “B roll” footage has been edited in to cover up a camera going out of focus or to hide when an edit has been done. Either way, the “B roll” is very important footage to have.
The 180 Degree Rule by director Justin Harding.